Event Search. Start Date. End Date. All Day. Upcoming Events. Fetching updated results Portraits from the Derek Hill Moonbeam on a Cat's Ear 9th November - Westquay Skate 9th November - 5th January Space to Create! Ruins of fur trading forts, continued to exist at Southampton until the early 20th Century. Surveyor R. Lynn P. William Kennedy. Spence, who retired from the Hudson Bay Trading company, became a fisherman and then coastal trader and whose house still stands today on Huron Street. During the early years of European settlement, the town south of the Saugeen River was known by two names, Saugeen and Southampton.
The town was named after Southampton in Hampshire, England in the expectation that this new Southampton would also become a great port. Southampton was incorporated as a town on July 24, by an act of parliament so it could compete with Walkerton in the hope of becoming the county seat. In the early years, when the lakes were the highways, supplies were brought from Goderich on sailing vessels.
A report from the town, as it was in its first year of incorporation, reports that there were thirty houses, three businesses and weekly mail. Chantry Island Lighthouse off the shore of Southampton was completed in to serve the community of sailors and fishermen. In , during a hydro-graphic survey, Captain Henry Bayfield of the Royal Navy christened the island and named it after his friend and British sculptor Sir Francis Chantry.
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In , with a population of 2, in the summer months, Southampton was made into a town, with A. Belcher Colonel elected the first mayor in Today, the town hall serves as a community hub for meetings, concerts and as the home of the Bruce County Playhouse for live theatre. The ham in Hampshire comes from Hamtun.
It was once called Hamtunshire. Saxon Southampton was a large and important port. It is estimated that the population of the Saxon town was 4,,, which was very large, by Saxon standards.
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Saxon Southampton was laid out with streets on a grid pattern like the old Roman town, but all the buildings in it were of wood. In the town, craftsmen made things like needles and combs from animal bone. There were also blacksmiths, bronze smiths, carpenters, thatchers, leather workers, and potters. Women wove wool into cloth.
The main export from Southampton was wool. Wine and fine pottery were imported as well as millstones. By the 9th century, there was a royal mint in the town. Southampton suffered severely in the Danish raids of the 9th and 10th centuries. The Danes sacked the town several times. Late in the 9th century, King Alfred created a network of strongholds called burghs across his kingdom. In the event of a Danish raid, all the men in the area were supposed to gather in the stronghold or burgh.
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It is recorded that there was a burgh called Hamtun later this name changed into Southampton. Some historians think it may have been within the stone walls of the old Roman town. In the 10th century Southampton went into decline. This may have been partly due to the Danish raids but it was probably also due to the silting up of the Itchen. As Southampton declined many people probably moved to Winchester but at least some moved to a new settlement beside the Test. This new settlement was also called Hamtun but it was much smaller than the old town.
At the time of Domesday , it may have had about 1, inhabitants. After the Norman conquest Frenchmen came to live in Southampton.
They settled around French Street and Bugle Street. They worshiped in a church dedicated to St Michael the patron saint of Normandy. High Street was once called English Street.
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It and East Street were where the original Saxon inhabitants lived. English Street changed its name to High Street in the 16th century. The Normans also built a wooden castle in Southampton. In the 12th century, the castle was rebuilt in stone. Medieval Southampton grew rapidly and probably had about 3,, inhabitants by the 14th century.
In the town craftsmen of one kind tended to live in one street. Bakers lived in Simnel Street simnel was a type of fine flour. West Street was known as Butcher Row, Bugle Street was also a street of butchers a bugle is an old name for a young bull. Wincle Street derives its name from the old word wincel meaning nook, corner or angle. By the 13th century there was a small suburb north of Southampton where Above Bar is today. By another little suburb had grown up outside the East Gate on the road to St Mary's church. It was called Newtown, a name that has lasted to the present day.
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At first all of the buildings in Medieval Southampton were of wood but in the years many wealthy merchants rebuilt their houses in stone. The main import was wine from France or Spain. In the merchants said the prosperity of the town depended on wine. During the hundred years war in the 14th and 15th centuries, several naval vessels were built for the king.
Apart from this, there were many craftsmen in Southampton making things for the people of the town carpenters, blacksmiths, potters, leatherworkers, and thatchers.
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In Medieval Southampton there were weekly markets. There was also an annual fair. A fair was like a market but people would travel from all over the country to attend. So it was called the Chapel or Trinity fair. At first, Southampton was run by a man called a portreeve assisted by bailiffs. A mayor was first mentioned in In an Augustinian Priory small abbey was founded at St Denys. It was a home for sick and poor people. It also gave shelter to poor travelers. There was also a leper hostel built in the 12th century just outside the town. It stood in the middle of fields and was dedicated to Mary Magdalene.
The surrounding fields were called Magdalene's fields which became corrupted to Marlands. About Franciscan friars arrived in Southampton.